Speaking about all the amazing advantages of the unique nature of Tajikistan, we must not forget that this country is rich in historical and cultural attractions. After all, Tajikistan is one of the oldest states in the world, its territory was inhabited even before the middle of the 1st millennium BC. e. the peoples who created the famous ancient states of Sogdiana and Bactria. The Achaemenids ruled on this territory, Alexander the Great conquered these lands, the Kushan Empire and many other powerful empires, up to the Russian one, reigned here. Such a turbulent course of history could not but leave its mark on today’s cultural tourism in Tajikistan. The Hissar fortress, the mausoleum of Khoja Mashhad, the remains of Buddhist monasteries of the 7th-8th centuries – these and many other monuments will tell a lot about important milestones in the history of Tajikistan.
You should definitely visit Khujand, a city that, along with Bukhara and Samarkand, was one of the most famous centers of science and culture in Central Asia. Some monuments dating back to the 16th-17th centuries have been preserved here – the mausoleum of Sheikh Muslihiddin and the Masjidi Jami mosque, as well as the Khujand fortress, which was built along with the city more than 2500 years ago. Penjikent, nicknamed the “Central Asian Pompeii”, will introduce the traveler to the ancient settlement with a medieval citadel surrounded by residential and public buildings, some of which have preserved wall paintings. And near Penjikent there is a settlement of Sarazm, where the temples of the Zoroastrians have been preserved.