A’JUBASOZI is the craft having the target to bring up a child. This craft helps a child to study and cognize the environment. It also directs a child to a cognitive activity, a conscious perception, develops a fantasy, calls out to self-depended working activity, develops its creativity, and forms its research observation and aesthetic taste (interest). The second application of a’juba is souvenir. One can give them as souvenirs-patterns of intangible cultural heritage to guests.
A toy-animal – a’juba – is made from soft clay (material) and often represents the heroes of loving fairytales.
Sometimes this toy-animal is made from excesses and refuses, for example: boxes, cans, some parts of bicycles and cars or other things. These toys always give joy to a child. And at the same time they teach a child how to make unusual and necessary something from wastes. Toys-animals are made by potters.
The materials for producing a’juba are yellow clay shin (clean), clay buta (the third layer of earth), wool of sheep, and water. All of that serves to make potter’s clay.
The materials for painting are limestone, soap, dahani farang, and egg-white.
The way of producing: yellow clay shin is bolted; clay buta is soaked in water until softening; then one part of buta clay is mixed with two parts of yellow shin clay; sheep wool is added, anda’juba is made. Clays are taken in equal parts to make a’juba of big size. Eggs-white are added onto clay to make small a’juba.
Different toys-animals are made from ready clay by a craftsman/a’jubasoz in his fantasy. After producing, toys-animals are put into a big oven to be burnt. The temperature of burning must be from 700o to 1 000oC. After burning, toys-animals are cleaned and covered with white solution. After drying, they are painted in different colors.